[v. 3, No.
110.] Lieut. Col. Brown to Brig. Gen. Pickens
and Lieut. Col. Lee, jr.
FORT CORNWALLIS, June 5, 1781.
As some of the articles proposed by you are generally
expressed, I have taken the liberty of deputing three
gentlemen to wait upon you for a particular explanation of
the respective articles.
I have the honor to be, &c.,
THOMAS BROWN, Lieut. Col., Commanding the King's troops at
capitulation proposed by Lieut. Col. Brown, and answered by
Gen. Pickens and Lieut. Col. Lee.
ART. I. That all acts of hostilities and works shall
cease between the besieged until the articles of
capitulation shall be agreed on, signed, and executed, or
ANSWER. Hostilities shall cease for one hour; other
operations to continue.
ART. II. That the fort shall be surrendered to the
commanding officer of the American corps, such as it now
stands. That the King's troops, three days after signing the
articles of capitulation, shall be conducted to Savannah,
with their baggage, where they will remain prisoners of war
until they are exchanged; that proper conveyances shall be
provided by the commanding officer of the American troops
for that purpose, together with a sufficient quantity of
good and wholesome provisions till their arrival at
ANSWER. Inadmissible. The prisoners to surrender field
prisoners of war: The officers to be indulged with their
paroles; the soldiers to be conducted to such place as the
commander-in-chief shall direct.
ART. III. The militia now in garrison shall be permitted to
return to their respective homes, and be secured in their
persons and properties.
ANSWER. Answered by the second article, the militia making
part of the garrison.
ART. IV. The sick and wounded shall be under the care of
their own surgeons, and be supplied with such medicines and
necessaries as are allowed to the British hospitals.
ART. V. The officers of the garrison, and citizens who have
borne arms during the siege, shall keep their side arms,
pistols, and baggage, which shall not be searched, and
return their servants.
ANSWER. The officers and citizens who have borne arms during
the siege shall be permitted their side arms, private
baggage, and servants; their side arms are not to be worn;
and the baggage to be searched by a person appointed for
ART. VI. The garrison, at an hour appointed, shall march
out, with shouldered arms and drums beating, to a place to
be agreed on, where they will pile their arms.
ANSWER. Agreed. The judicious and gallant defence made by
the garrison, entitles them to every mark of military
respect. The fort to be delivered up to Captain Rudolph at
twelve o'clock, who will take possession with a detachment
of the Legion Infantry.
ART. VII. That the citizens shall be protected in their
persons and properties.
ART. VIII. That twelve months shall be allowed to all such
as do not choose to reside in this country, to dispose of
their effects, real and personal, in this province, without
any molestation whatever, or to remove to any part thereof
as they may choose, as well themselves as families.
ART. IX. That the Indian families now in garrison shall
accompany the King's troops to Savannah, where they will
remain prisoners of war until exchanged for an equal number
of prisoners in the Creek or Cherokee nation.
ANSWER. Answered in the second article.
ART. X. That an express be permitted to go to Savannah with
the commanding officer's dispatches, which are not to be
ART. XI. Additional. The particular attention of Col. Brown
is expected towards the just delivery of all public stores,
monies, &c.; and that no loans be permitted to defeat
the spirit of this article.
Signed at Head Quarters, Augusta, June 5, 1781, by
ANDREW PICKENS, B. G. Militia.
HENRY LEE, Jr., Lieut. Col. Commandant.
THOMAS BROWN, Lieut. Col. Com'dg King's troops at
Documentary History of the American Revolution, by
Gibbes, Volume 3, p. 86)
Gibbes, v. 3, p. 86